Lordship Title of Henwick ID1509

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HENWICK appears to have formed part of Thatcham Manor until after the dissolution of Reading Abbey. It is mentioned in the 14th century as being in the parish of Thatcham, and was presumably included under the heading of 'Thatcham with its members' among the abbey lands in 1539. Lands in Henwick were included in the grant to John Winchcombe in 1540. After his death in 1557 his estates in Henwick were separated, part passing with Thatcham Manor to his eldest son and heir John. This part appears to have formed the manor of Hinwick later Thatcham alias Henwick, which descended with and was afterwards united to Thatcham. He also settled an estate in Henwick on himself for life, with final remainder to his third son Henry Winchcombe. Henry died in 1562. In 1570 his widow petitioned Cecil for the wardship of their son John. This John Winchcombe in 1596, on the occasion of the marriage of his eldest son John with Mary daughter of Thomas Verrey, settled this estate, then described for the first time as the manor of Henwick, on his wife Margery for life and then on his son in tail-male. Margery predeceased her husband, who died in 1610. The younger John Winchcombe held the manor till his death in 1636, when it passed to his son John, who was a Roman Catholic, his estates being in consequence sequestrated in the time of the Commonwealth, He is described as of Henwick, Berks., in 1656, but after the Restoration, although he recovered his estates, he appears to have lived in London. He is said to have sold Henwick in 1669 with other estates to Philip Jemmett, the final conveyance, however, not taking place until two years later. Henwick Manor passed to Jemmett's daughter and heir Anne the wife of Jonathan Raymond, knighted in 1679, when Sheriff of London. On the death of Anne, which occurred in 1709, Henwick Manor passed to her son Jemmett Raymond, who had been knighted in 1680. Sir Jemmett was engaged in a long lawsuit with General Waring, beginning before 1729, the latter, as lord of the Thatcham Manors, claiming that there was no manor of Henwick, except his own manor of Thatcham alias Henwick, but it was decided that there was a separate manor at Henwick belonging to Sir Jemmett Raymond. Mr. Barfield points out that the only court rolls for the manor in existence belong to the years 1735 to 1737, in the midst of the dispute, and that these were the only rolls that were produced as evidence of his manorial rights by Sir Jemmett. By his will he left Henwick Manor to his wife for life, then to his daughter Elizabeth and the heirs of her body, with remainder to his son Jemmett and his heirs. Elizabeth came into the estate, but in 1755 she made an exchange with her brother by which Henwick became his property. He died about 1767 and by his will Henwick passed to his widow for life and then to his nephew Thomas Henshaw, the son of his sister Mabel, who had married Philip Henshaw. Thomas Henshaw in turn left the manor to his nephew Bartholomew Tipping, the son of his sister Anne. Tipping inherited the estate, which included the manor and other lands in Henwick, in 1783 or 1784. He died unmarried in 1798, leaving it to his niece Mary Anne and her husband the Rev. Philip Wroughton. In 1807, however, an Act of Parliament was obtained to enable them to sell the estate, which had been left with a remainder to their son Bartholomew. The manor and certain farms were bought by Mr. Mount, who had recently acquired the manor of Thatcham (q.v.), and Mr. William Arthur Mount, M.P., is now the owner of this property at Henwick.
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