Lordship Title of Wargrave ID1663

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The manor of WARGRAVE appears to have been granted to Emma of Normandy, the wife of Ethelred the Unready, and by her to the Old Minster, Winchester. There is a charter of Edward the Confessor, confirming Emma's grant to Winchester of the town of Wargrave with sac and soc and other rights. This charter was made (c. 1061–5) after the death of Emma, but if it is genuine the king must shortly after have recovered the manor, since the Domesday Survey states that Queen Edith held Wargrave during his reign. After the Norman Conquest it was seized by William I, who held it in demesne in 1086, and it afterwards formed part of the ancient demesne of the Crown. King Stephen is said to have granted the manor to his brother Henry Bishop of Winchester, but Henry II held it throughout his reign. Henry also is said to have granted it to the see of Winchester. but it probably was not acquired by the bishop till 1189, when there is evidence that Richard I sold it to Bishop Godfrey de Lucy in order to raise money for the Crusades. On the return of King Richard to England Bishop Godfrey fell into disgrace, and in 1194 the king disseised him of the castle and county of Winchester and of the manors of Meon and Wargrave. King John restored the two manors to the bishop in 1199 in return for a fine of £1,000. From this time the manor of Wargrave remained in the hands of the Bishops of Winchester until the 16th century. William of Wykeham restored the manor-house in 1371. Wargrave was in the hands of the king for a short time on the forfeiture of Cardinal Wolsey as Bishop of Winchester in 1529. In 1551 Bishop John Poynet together with the dean and chapter surrendered the manor to Edward VI. The king granted it the following year to Henry Neville and Winifred Losse, who was affianced to Neville, but it was restored in the reign of Mary to John White, Bishop of Winchester. The grant to the bishop, however, was annulled after the accession of Queen Elizabeth, and Sir Henry Neville recovered Wargrave Manor, which was held by Sir Robert Cecil, to the use of Neville and his heirs. From this date it followed the descent of Billingbear in Waltham St. Lawrence (q.v.) till 1891, when Lord Braybrooke sold it to Mr. F. Walters Bond, who in 1898 sold it to Mr. Sydney Platt, together with the advowson. In the 13th century the manor of Wargrave was held in frankalmoign, but in 1401 it was said to be held by knight service. The Bishops of Winchester had many liberties in their manor of Wargrave, holding in 1276 gallows, view of frankpledge and the assizes of bread and ale. The right to hold a court leet and law-days was granted by Edward VI to Henry Neville, and the succeeding lords of the manor continued to exercise the rights. Wargrave lay within the forest of Windsor, but when the manor was granted to the Bishops of Winchester, in the 12th century, they obtained extensive hunting rights. Early in the following century the bishop maintained a forester at Wargrave, and in 1276 he had the rights of free warren and chase within the manor. The same rights, including 'parks, warrens, chaces, purlieues and wild beasts,' were granted by Edward VI to Henry Neville, and are also mentioned in settlements of the manor in the 18th century. Three fisberies were appurtenant to the manor in 1086, rendering 3,000 eels. In 1332 complaint was made by John Stratford, Bishop of Winchester (1323–33), that Sir Gilbert de Elsfield, kt., and others had fished in his several fishery at Wargrave and carried away his fish. A fishery and ferry over the Thames with appurtenances in Wargrave are mentioned in the 17th century.
Other Information:
Listed in the Domesday Book:
Yes

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