Lordship Title of Bowels ID13986

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That moiety of Old Warden Manor called BOWELS MANOR passed, as stated above, to John de Builli on his marriage with Cecilia de Bussy, some time before 1185; his name is returned as holding one and a half fees in Old Warden in 1210–12. The next mention of this family in Old Warden is found in 1274, when Peter de Bueles, or, as it now begins to be spelt, de Bowels, is mentioned as tenant-inchief. His death appears to have taken place about this date, and the wardship of his son John, a minor, was granted to Thomas Inge. John de Bowels proved his age in 1283, and it was probably his son John de Bowels who in 1330 claimed a market and manorial rights in Warden, and who two years previously had acknowledged a debt of £200 to John de St. Amand. The non-payment of this sum appears to have led to an alienation of this moiety of the manor to the St. Amands, for in 1343 it was in the possession of Almaric de St. Amand, who alienated it in mortmain to Warden Abbey in exchange for land in Millbrook. Thus by 1346 the subdivided manor of Old Warden had once more become one manor, which remained with Warden Abbey until 1542, when it was annexed to the honour of Ampthill. In 1550 Old Warden Manor was granted to the Princess Elizabeth for her life, a similar grant being made in 1610–11 to Prince Henry of Wales and in 1616–17 to his brother Charles. In the latter year a lease for ninety-nine years was made to Sir Francis Bacon. In 1628 the reversion of the lease was granted to Edward Ditchfield and other trustees for the Corporation of London. It was eventually purchased by Sir William Palmer between the years 1699 and 1714. His son Charles Palmer sold the manor of Old Warden in 1773 to Samuel Whitbread, the founder of the well-known Whitbread Brewery, who came of an old Nonconformist family in Bedfordshire. The manorial rights remained in the possession of the Whitbread family, passing in 1796 to Samuel Whitbread, M.P. for the borough of Bedford, who was a noted politician and supporter of Fox. At his death in 1815 the property passed in succession to his sons William Henry Whitbread, M.P. for Bedford for several years, and Samuel Charles Whitbread. His grandson Mr. Samuel Whitbread is the present lord of the manor.
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