Lordship Title of Hardwick or Herdwick ID13929

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The manor of HARDWICK or HERDWICK can be traced to the 8 virgates held (as a sixth part of a knight's fee) by Peter de Lekeburn of the honour of Kimbolton at the time of the Testa de Nevill. This property was held in 1302 by Peter de Herdwyk, who granted it to Bartholomew de Enfeld for life, and in 1311–12 made over the reversion of it to his overlord Humphrey de Bohun Earl of Hereford and Elizabeth his wife. The latter settled the reversion of this property (here for the first time called a manor) on his son William for his life in 1315. The latter was created Earl of Northampton in 1336–7; in 1345 he granted the manor of Hardwick for life to Sir Adam de Swenebourn, who is found holding the next year. On the death of William de Bohun in 1360 the manor under the terms of the grant reverted to his brother Humphrey, who died seised of it the next year. He was succeeded by his nephew Humphrey, son of the William de Bohun Earl of Northampton above mentioned. From this date until the attainder and execution of Edward Duke of Buckingham in 1521 the descent of this manor is the same as that of the manor of Tilbrook (q.v.). In 1523 Henry VIII granted Hardwick Manor to Sir Richard Wingfield. It remained in the hands of the Wingfield family until 1612, when Sir James Wingfield alienated it to William Hawkins. The further history of this manor thus again becomes identical with that of Tilbrook (q.v.). A confirmation charter of the year 1300 states that a grove in Hardwick, then in the tenure of Peter de Hardwick, had been afforested by King Henry, ancestor of King Edward. Rights of free warren were attached to this manor in the 14th century.
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